As quite a few expats just found out the hard way in Beijing and Shanghai, private internship companies don't really care if you have the right visa, so long as they get paid their fee that ranges from $999 o $3,799. But since September of 2013 when China's new visa laws kicked in, the Public Security Bureau has been very strict on the enforcement side. If you get caught (not hard to do) in a random subway visa check or a visit to your job site, you will be arrested and jailed about 30 days. You will be fined $2,000, forced to plead guilty to a felony crime (if you want to get out of jail) and then deported with a 3-5 reentry ban to China - even as a tourist. Worst of all you will go home with a felony conviction that will haunt you the rest of your life, and never get another travel visa again since you will be flagged as an "illegal migrant worker" in all the international immigration computers. Long story short as a foreigner it is ILLEGAL for you to work as an intern in China UNLESS you fall into one of these three categories and have the visas shown below: A) You are officially enrolled in a University exchange program with an accredited university. In this case you must have a Q1 visa. B) You are an official registered "delegate" of a licensed foundation, charity, museum, NGO, or NPO, or a performer in an dance, musical, or art exhibition. In this case you must have an M visa. C) You were directly selected by a large international company like an MNC or Fortune 500 company for a pre-hire internship in which case you must have an F or Z visa. Third party agents, recruiters, brokers, and private international companies are NOT authorized to sponsor interns with any visa. If you are told otherwise it is a scam to be avoided. As you will see at other forums, one company was just caught forging invitation letters of companies in order to get visas for their clients. DO NOT EXPECT ANY SYMPATHY OR UNDERSTANDING FROM CHINESE POLICE. At the current time there is ZERO TOLERANCE on visa laws enforcement due to some recent rapes by foreigners and two expat pedophiles recently apprehended in 2013 and 2014 - with the wrong visas. IMPORTANT: If any internship company tell you to lie to any visa or government official about why you are going to China, it a scam that you should avoid and report here at AntiFraudInt.org and China Scam Patrol. The below attachment is a real email sent to a recent fraud victim. Of course, if you want to avoid the scam internships altogether, the best way to do so is to avoid all the third party brokers, agent, etc. and DIY - for free. It is not difficult and will take between 3-5 hours of your time by the time you finish doing all your paperwork and get your Chinese visa. These two links below explain how to do it yourself for free: http://chinainternshipreviews.wordpress.com and http://freechinainternships.blogspot.co.uk . China is a great and fun place to explore, but keep their jails off of your site-seeing list.