At the beginning, please note that this is not an exhaustive list of things that indicate a romance scam. These are indicators which we have seen over the years which suggest a scam. The list will probably always change some. If you have read about how to identify a scam email (which is here) then in addition to things like bad grammar, poor spelling, even poorer punctuation, etc. these are some other indications that your "sweetheart" is only going to bring you grief. Also, if you find yourself in a romance scam or you think that it might be a scam you might want to check out Help! I'm in a scam and I don't know how to get out! at http://antifraudintl.org/showthread.php?t=782. 1. I am from Yoshkar-Ola, (Йошка́р-Ола́; Mari: Йошкар-Ола) Mari El Republic, Russia Which may be a true statement but while "she" may have nice pictures the person sending you the emails works from a script and that person is probably male. Yoshkar-Ola is a big red flag. 2. This is my picture... ...and they look like professional model shots. In fact, they probably are. That's because the scammer has stolen them off some website and recycled them for a romance scam format. In other cases, especially with the Russians, a woman may pose for a complete photo set and she might even be paid for them but she probably isn't getting royalty fees.